PROMOTING INCLUSIVE GROWTH –GIVING FILLIP TO GOVERNMENT’S GOAL TO ‘SABKA SAATH, SABKA VIKAS’
• New Guidelines have been issued to Ministry of Panchayati Raj for transparent and equitable allocation of funds amongst the States who were deprived of the central fund under the areas covered under sixth schedule of the Constitution.
• To leverage the pivotal role of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), the expert committee constituted under the chairmanship of former Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog recommended restructuring of the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA). RGSA has since became a centrally sponsored scheme from 2018-19 to 2021-22 to address the challenges faced by the States.
• After discontinuation of planning and merger of Plan and Non-Plan Expenditure, new guidelines for earmarking of funds for SCs and STs in the new budgeting system have been prepared and forwarded to the Ministry of Finance for necessary action.
• A report prepared on Revamping of Tribal Research Institutes (TRIs) to promote them as top class research institutes is being examined by NITI Aayog for further necessary actions.
• Monitoring framework for SCSP and TSP has been developed and circulated to the nodal Ministries for online monitoring of SCSP andTSP.
• Gaps in the National Policy for Persons with Disabilities, 2006 have been identified and forwarded to the department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities for revision of the Policy.
• A concept paper:“Means of livelihood in LWE Areas: Prospects of Aroma, Honey, Dairying and other Traditional Industries” has been finalised and circulated to the concerned Central Ministries, States and other stakeholders for necessary actions.
• The new NGO-Darpan Portal which went live in April 2017 was developed as a dynamic database of NGOs in the country, and for NGOs to obtain Unique ID to be eligible to apply for grants from any central Ministry/Department. 43,000 NGOs have already registered.
ENABLING EVIDENCE-BASED POLICY MAKING AND ENHANCING PRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY WITH LONG-TERM VISION
(i) Three Year National Action Agenda and the Strategy for New India @75
NITI Aayog prepared a Three Year Action Agenda covering the period from 2017-18 to 2019-20. The Action Agenda framework allows better alignment of the development strategy with the changed reality of India.
Strategy document for India’s 75th year of independence coveringthe period 2017-18 to 2022-23 is being prepared by NITI Aayog. It presents goals for 2022-23 as well as a way forward on how to achieve them and shall be launched soon.
(ii) Reform of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)
NITI Aayog in consultation with administrative ministries has made recommendations in four tranches for strategic disinvestment in PSUs. So far, based on NITI Aayog’s recommendations, more than 30 CPSEs have been approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs for in-principle strategic disinvestment. The process of divestment is being carried out by DIPAM and the first transactions are expected in the current financial year after a long gap of 14 years.
A report was submitted to the Government on 74 sick/loss-making/non-performing CPSEs. The recommendations are under implementation and so far more than 15 CPSEs are undergoing closure.
(iii) Balanced Regional Development
• Release of Special Funds: To promote regional development NITI Aayog recommended release of balance funds to States namely Odisha, Bihar and West Bengal under the Special Plan (BRGF-State component) approved during the 12th Five Year Plan period, and release of one-time special assistance to the States namely Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura for the areas covered under sixth schedule of the Constitution.
• Development support to the North East: A Committee was constituted under the Chairmanship of CEO, NITI Aayog to examine and suggest a road map for a new industrial policy for the North Eastern and the Himalayan States. The Committee finalized its recommendations after having consultations with the NE States and other stakeholders. Based upon those recommendations, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) prepared North East Industrial Development Scheme (NEIDS) 2017, with an outlay of INR 3,000 crore up to March 2020, which was approved by the Cabinet in March, 2018.
• NITI Forum for North East: It is the first ever regional forum constituted by NITI Aayog with representation from all the NE States and the concerned Central Ministries/Departments. This forum was constituted to identify various constraints in the way of accelerated, inclusive but sustainable economic growth in the North East Region of our country, and also to recommend suitable interventions for addressing the identified constraints. The forum also has eminent experts and reputed institutions (IIT, IIM, NERIST, RIS, RFRI etc.) as members.
• Holistic Development of Islands:NITI Aayog has been mandated to steer the process of holistic development of identified islands as unique models of sustainable development. Accordingly, in consultation with key stakeholders, NITI Aayog has shortlisted 10 islands in the first phase. Final Site Potential Development Reports have been prepared for all the Islands. Carrying capacity of these islands have been determined and environmental zoning have been carried out to ensure sustainable development. A Global Investor’s Conference was held in August 2018 to showcase Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands as hubs for self-sustaining eco-tourism projects, provide fillip to local employment and grow maritime economy.
• Island Development Agency (IDA):The IDA was set up in June 2017 under the Chairmanship of the Home Minister of India, with the CEO, NITI Aayog as the Convener. It undertakes reviews on the progress relating to holistic development of identified islands. So far, three meeting of the IDA have been held. The last meeting of the IDA was held on 24th April, 2018.
• UNDP Projects – GIS Based Planning:NITI Aayog has, identified the possibility of using the Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in the planning, management and monitoring of government service delivery, based on the innovative GIS model, “Village Profile and Talukka Planning Atlas” developed at BISAG Gujarat. BISAG is developing the customized software based on the actual requirement of each State/UT separately. NITI Aayog organized the in-depth capacity development programme of State Officials at BISAG in November 2017 for customized State softwares prepared by BISAG.
(iv) Health & Nutrition Sector Reforms:NITI has been initiating radical reforms in the health sector.
• National Commission for Homoeopathy (NCH) Bill, 2017 and the National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine Bill, 2017 have been finalized after extensive deliberations.
• Evolving the National Nutrition Strategy: NITI formulated the National Nutrition Strategy through an extensive consultative process. The strategy provides the rationale and roadmap for policy makers to bring nutrition to the centre of the stage in India’s Development Agenda. It focuses on inter-sectoral convergence and identifies priority districts to tackle malnutrition and meet the country’s nutrition needs and targets.
• Launch of the POSHAN Abhiyaan: The POSHAN Abhiyaan has been launched with the aim of improving nutrition outcomes in India in the next three years. The National Council responsible for steering of the programme is anchored in NITI Aayog and is chaired by the Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog. September 2018 was designated as the POSHAN Maah, a massive awareness and outreach campaign launched across the country to make nutrition a true janandolan.
• Pushing Reforms in Pharmaceuticals Sector: NITI provided policy inputs for making available affordable drugs and devices.
• National Institute for Pharmaceutical Education and Research(NIPER) – Evaluation of NIPERs was conducted and a way forward for pharmaceutical education suggested.
• An ordinance was promulgated in September 2018 to establish a Board of Governors under the Chairmanship of NITI Aayog Member Dr V K Paul, to replace the Medical Council of India (MCI).
(v) Driving India’s Energy Sector
• India Energy Security Scenario (IESS), 2047 was revamped in 2015 and was used to determine INDC targets. NITI also supported Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Assam for the “Development of State Energy Calculator”. On 16th November, 2017, Andhra Pradesh State Energy Calculator 2050 was launched while the other two states are ready with their respective first draft. In the second phase, three more states- Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have been taken up.
• In a stakeholder-driven, roadmap development exercise, NITI has prepared and launched a report on ‘India’s Renewable Electricity Roadmap 2030.’ The report summarizes the opportunities and barriers in the sector.
• NITI Aayog had engaged Deloitte and PwC to prepare the state action plan (SAP) for re-integration in eight states. These SAPs have now been finalized.
• Draft National Energy Policy (NEP) developed by NITI following large scale consultation with other departments and public feedback is being finalized.
• NITI Aayog has developed the State Energy Index to measure the status and the efforts undertaken by the States towards ensuring accessibility and affordability, of energy, as well as gauging its sustainability and environment friendliness. The Index has been sent to concerned Central Ministries and to the States for their feedback and to start developing the same.
• NITI Aayog is also developing a dynamic GIS Energy Map of India in collaboration with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The consolidated energy map would provide requisite energy related information to all stakeholders which would help in better decision making.
CROSS SECTORAL INTERVENTIONS
• Task Force on Employment and Exports: In September 2017, NITI Aayog constituted a high level Task Force under the chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog on employment and exports. The Task Force comprises senior secretary-level officials of the government of India and external experts. The Task Force has made several sector-wise recommendations to give an impetus to jobs and exports to the Union Minister of Commerce.
• Rural Drinking Water – Rs 1000 crore was released for developing water resources in 19 arsenic and fluoride affected States for providing safe drinking water. More than 3100 arsenic/fluoride affected habitations of 14 States have been covered so far with safe drinking water.
• Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) –The mission was launched on 2 October 2014. Since then then about 3.64 lakh villages, 385 districts and 13 States and 4 Union Territories have also declared themselves Open Defecation Free (ODF). Coverage of rural households with toilets has increased from 39% to 84%. The coverage of rural households with individual household latrines has more than doubled in the last four years. Some of the surveys conducted recently found that now more than 90% of rural households who have access to toilets are using them. In the urban areas, 100 per cent door to door collection of solid waste has been achieved in 62,436 out of 84,049 wards and 2,618 cities have declared themselves ODF out which 2089 cities have been certified as ODF by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs through third party verification.
• Short-term measures for reforms – Recommendations have been made for short-term measures for reforms in higher education sector, including proposals for graded autonomy; reforms in accreditation framework and many more targeted recommendations to push for quality and remove out-dated regulatory aspects of UGC and AICTE. Ministry is in advanced stages of implementing these recommendations.
• Providing Efficiency in Port Ecosystem:NITI drove the Port Ecosystem Efficiency movement through a series of inter-sector meetings. During the review, notable achievements were reported in cutting down delays in customs processing, loading of railway rakes in Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust and documentation.
• Working of 679 Autonomous Bodies under the Central Government reviewed and the draft report of Phase-I submitted to the Government while the Phase-II is under progress.
• Recommendations to transform India’s gold market has been finalised and submitted to the Finance Minister.
• Training and practice guide for the social sector – ‘Manual on Gender Inclusive Planning’ and ‘Manual for Social Audit’ has been published for use as training and practice guide for the Social Sector programme facilitators.
• Strategy reports: Reports on strategies for ‘Self-reliance in critical and strategic resources of rare earths’ andfor effective utilisation and monitoring of ‘Fly Ash and Slag”.
• Roadmap for revising the National Mineral Policy, 2018 to revitalise the growth of Mineral sector
• A Challenge Method Guidelines for selection of sites for key Central Government assisted projects has been evolved.
• Strategic Mobility Framework for tier 2 and tier 3 cities to improve public transport and non-motorised transport is being worked out by NITI Aayog.
• A sub-group of 10 Chief Ministers on Skill Development was serviced by NITI Aayog which made recommendations for improving access, equity, relevance, quality and enhanced sources of finances. The Ministry of Skill Development is taking forward the key recommendations of the committee.
• For management of water resources in the North Eastern Region, a high level Committee under Vice Chairman set up. Expert Committee also set up under CEO to examine policy for revitalisation of rivers.
• The merger of 36 Tribunals to 18 Tribunals is being coordinated and implemented by NITI Aayog with all the concerned Ministries.
INSTITUIONALISE PROJECT MONITORING TO IMPROVE IMPLEMENTATON AND EFFICACY OF GOVERNMENT SCHEMES
(i) Output Outcome Monitoring Framework 2018-19:
Given the increased focus on outcome-based monitoring, DMEO initiated an exercise to develop well-defined output and outcomes, along with measurable indicators, for all CS and CSS outlays.
The activity started by identifying all the relevant outlays, the number coming to around 600 CS/CSS outlays, covering a budget of about Rs. 8.14 lakh crore for the financial year 2017-18. These outputs, outcomes, and indicators were developed using a standardized process, which was based on international best practices in performance monitoring.
The resultant Output Outcome Monitoring Framework 2018-19 is going to be monitored through a newly developed web-based interactive dashboard. Ministries/Departments have been given access to the dashboard to upload achievement data. Work is in progress to enable the dashboard to automatically fetch performance data from the MIS of Ministries, expenditure details from PFMS, and to also have granular information i.e. State and District level data. Screenshots of the dashboard are given below.
(ii) Sectoral Reviews by PMO:
As the Government moves towards realising the outcomes of a scheme or a sector, rather than just outputs, outcomes of 15 sectors are being monitored. While the reviews had been on-going for several years, in the last two years, they’ve moved from tracking physical progress to outcome progress. To facilitate this, an interactive dashboard was developed in 2016. For the 2017 PMO reviews, the sectors covered included Road, Railways, Airports, Ports, Digital India, Coal PNG, Power, NRE, Urban Housing, Rural Housing, and PMGSY. The screenshot of the dashboard is given below.
(iii) Outcome Budget
A dashboard for updating progress of Union Outcome Budget, 2017-18, was developed. Ministries/Departments were given access to this dashboard to upload data.
(iv) Programme Monitoring and Evaluation
DMEO has, based on specific requests, undertaken monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for specific schemes. Following the paradigm shift from outlays to outcome-based governance, efforts have focussed on identifying expected outcomes, measuring progress on the same correctly, and analysing the bottlenecks in their achievement.
In this regard, a web-based interactive dashboard has been developed by DMEO to monitor the progress of houses being sanctioned and constructed under the Pradhan MantriAawasYojana (Rural and Urban). Screenshots of the dashboard are given below.
Additionally, evaluation of selected programmes that are currently being implemented has also been taken up, along with quick assessment studies in order to identify gaps in scheme implementation.
A quick assessment study was carried out for eNAM and submitted to PMO. Evaluation studies and quick assessment studies being finalized are: Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme, National Scheduled Caste Finance Development Corporation, RTE: Harmonized SarvSikshaAbhiyaan, PMAY (Urban), MGNREGA, Pradhan MantriKaushalVikasYojana, Swachh Bharat (Gramin), Pradhan MantriKrishiSinchayeeYojana (Integrated Watershed Management), Pradhan MantriFasalBimaYojana, BharatNet, and Pradhan Mantri Gram SadakYojana.
(v) Implementation and Monitoring Progress on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
(a) In the light of the global SDG indicators endorsed by the UN Statistical Commission, the Ministry of Statistics and programme Implementation (MoSPI) has developed an elaborate list of National SDG indicators. NITI Aayog is entrusted with the task of overseeing the implementation of SDGs in the country. A Task Force on SDGs has been constituted by NITI Aayog involving participation of Central Ministries, State governments and think tanks to review the progress on implementation of SDGs.
(b) In order to facilitate better understanding and faster implementation, NITI Aayog has mapped out Central Ministries as well as centrally sponsored/central sector schemes and other government initiatives on the SDGs and associated targets. Many States/UTs have also conducted similar mapping of their departments, schemes and initiatives.
(c) NITI Aayog has held 21 National /Regional Consultations on SDGs with Central Ministries, States/UTs, CSOs, academia, international organisations and other stakeholders to improve awareness and coordination. Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog has presented India’s Voluntary National Review Report on the implementation of SDGs on 19th July 2017 at the United Nations High Level Political Forum in New York.
(d) NITI Aayog is developing a comprehensive SDG India Index comprising a set of indicators for measuring performance of States/UTs on SDGs. A dynamic national dashboard on SDGs is also being created to continuously monitor the progress on SDGs in the country.
(e) NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant and the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres signed the Sustainable Development Framework 2018-22 for India in October 2018.
(vi) Project Appraisal Wing of Govt. of India:
Since 1st January 2015, NITI Aayog has appraised 584 public funded projects with a total cost of Rs. 45,14,389 crore. In addition, 277 Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects with a total cost of Rs. 2,16,703 crore, including 229 Central sector projects and 48 State sector projects have also been appraised.
(vii) Monitoring of performance of Union Territories: Development of UT progress Tracker
NITI Aayog has developed the Dashboard, a progress tracker for Union Territories of India (UTs) to monitor and track the monthly progress of various developmental schemes/ projects/ initiatives of the government. The UTs feed the data, the Ministries verifyit and NITI Aayog/MHA monitor it on a monthly and quarterly basis. Currently, the tracker is monitoring the progress of 42 developmental schemes/ projects/initiatives. This monitoring has helped improve the delivery of services in UTs significantly. The URL is http://progresstracker.in/